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辽宁沈阳市郊联体2018高三第一次阶段测试--英语(解析版)

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Must-read Books That Are Hitting the Big Screen This Year The Zookeeper’s Wife by Diane Ackerman Starring: Jessica Chastain and Johan Heldenbergh Release Date: July 31, 2017 This true story is both heartbreaking and heartwarming. Ackerman artfully retells the story of Jan and Zabinski and haw they used their zoo to save over three hundred people from the Nazis. After their zoo was bombed, they managed to hide people in animal cages, giving animal names to their guests and human names to their animals. This is one story we truly hope lives up to the hype on film. The Lost City of Z by David Grann Starring: Sienna Miller and Robert Pattinson Release Date: August 14,2017 Looking for adventure? This story is just what you need. The book (and film) tells the tale of British explorer Percy Fawcett and how he ventured into the Amazon jungle in 1925,never to return. It“s an enchanting mystery that we can’t wait to see play out on screen. The Dinner by Herman Koch Starring: Richard Gere and Rebecca Hall Release Date: October 5,2017 We always say we“d do absolutely anything for our kids, right? The story begins with two couples politely, eating dinner together, avoiding a conversation about their children who have committed a horrific act. As the story goes on, you“ll see just how far these parents will go to protect the ones they love. The Circle by Dave Eggers Starring: Emma Watson and Patton Oswalt Release Date: November 28,2017 A young woman, Mae, is hired to work for a powerful Internet company and Feels like she“s hit the job jackpot. The facility is very advanced, lively, and a bit wild. Mae“s story begins as one of ambition but soon turns into a heart-racing story of suspense. 1. Why did Jan and Zabinski put people in animal cages? A. To offer them living places B. To treat them as animals C. To avoid being bombed D. To hide from the Nazis 2. Who plays the role of a modern white-collar woman? A. Emma Watson. B. Rebecca Hall. C. Sienna Miller. D. Jessica Chastain. 3. When can you go to see the film if you enjoy adventure stories? A. In July. B. In August C. In October. D. In November. 4. Which of the following is related to parents“ raising kids? A. The Zookeeper“s Wife. B. The Lost City of Z. C. The Dinner. D. The Circle. 【答案】1. D 2. A 3. B 4. C 【解析】这篇短文介绍了几部即将上映的影片。 2. 细节理解题。根据“A young woman, Mae, is hired to work for a powerful Internet company and Feels like she“s hit the job jackpot.”和“Starring: Emma Watson”可知,Emma Watson扮演的Mae在一家强大的互联网公司工作,作为白领。故选A. 3. 细节理解题。根据“The book (and film) tells the tale of British explorer Percy Fawcett and how he ventured into the Amazon jungle in 1925,never to return.”可知,讲述了英国探险家Percy Fawcett的故事,以及他在1925年冒险进入亚马逊丛林的故事。故选B. 4. 细节理解题。根据文中“The Dinner by Herman Koch”中的“The story begins with two couples politely, eating dinner together”可知,the dinner与养育孩子有关。故选C. B I went to the cinema this afternoon to see La La Land. Before going into the screening my sister and I visited the ladies’ washroom. As we entered, a little blonde haired girl about 5 years of age opened one of the cubicle(小隔间)doors and ran out of the washroom, hot pants in hand and looking upset and overwhelmed. I went after her. Her dad was standing outside. She quickly gave him the hot pants to dress her. Little sweetheart. She obviously couldn“t manage to button up her hot pants. Even though she had her little white tights on, she must have felt embarrassed about the lack of hot pants. I tried to calm and reassure her, saying, “When I saw dad standing outside I knew he was waiting for someone very pretty, but I just hadn“t realized how, pretty she was going to be.” She didn“t bite; dad smiled though. I offered to bring her back to wash her hands. She was too tiny to squeeze soap out of the dispenser, so I helped her. I could see poor dad out of the side of my eyes .He was right at the door looking in. I went with her to the hand dryer, but she was so tiny that the sensor couldn“t even detect her little hands. I lifted her up and her hands were properly dried, well at least a little. I was moved by this little girl’s helplessness in an adult world. I also felt for dad having to trust that his little girl would feel safe and secure for the few minutes out of his sight. I reached out for help. I tried to bridge the gap when a little helpless girl was a few minutes without a trusted adult and a concerned father had to for a moment accept he could not give her the security he wanted for her. It wasn“t much but it helped a caring father and his little daughter and for that, I“m grateful. 5. Why did the little girl catch the author“s attention? A. She got frightened by strangers. B. She needed clothing to cover her. C. She was probably lost in the crowd. D. She was in an embarrassing situation. 6. Why did the hand dryer fail to work for the little girl? A. The size of the sensor was too small. B. She was not tall enough to reach it. C. She didn’t know how to operate it. D. It was drying the author“s hands. 7. How did the father feel in the story? A. Helpless. B. Shy. C. Shameful. D. Calm 【答案】5. D 6. B 7. A 【解析】这篇短文讲述作者去公共洗手间看到一个小女孩无法自己穿好自己的裤子而感到尴尬,作者替她父亲帮助了她,并帮她洗手烘干,解决了小女孩的父亲的无助。 5. 细节理解题。根据第二段中的“Even though she had her little white tights on, she must have felt embarrassed about the lack of hot pants.”可知,小女孩因为缺少裤子而感到尴尬,引起我的注意。故选C. 6. 细节理解题。根据文中“I went with her to the hand dryer, but she was so tiny that the sensor couldn“t even detect her little hands.”可知,小女孩太小而够不到干手机。故选B. 7. 细节理解题。根据文中的“I also felt for dad having to trust that his little girl would feel safe and secure for the few minutes out of his sight.”及“a concerned father had to for a moment accept he could not give her the security he wanted for her.”可知,这位父亲在此刻不得不暂时把自己的女儿交给一个陌生人,可见父亲是当时很无助。故选A. 【名师点睛】 文章主题和中心思想的阐述往往需要大量细节信息的支持,这些细节对于理解全文内容至关重要,同时也是归纳和概括文章中心思想的基础。命题人往往会要求考生根据不同的要求阅读文章,以获得某些特定的信息,或准确地寻求所需的细节,并对细节进行直接或间接辨认和理解。文章细节的理解可以细化为:(1)一一对应型。答案与题目在表达形式和意义上直接吻合,一一对应,一目了然。属于浅层次的阅读试题,分数比例较少。(2)语言转述型。这是一类间接事实细节题,答案与题目在意义上从分运用了词义之间的转述关系,即正确选项是原文有关词语和句子的另类表达。属于中档难度题,分数比例较大。(3)语意理解型。这是一类深层事实细节理解题,答案与题目之间存在着一定的逻辑联系,这种联系需要建立在事实的基础上通过上、下文来进行判断、分析、归纳和整合,才能得出正确答案。属于较高难度的事实细节题。(4)是非辨别型。这是一类综合事实细节题,出题形式常常是“三正一误”(三项正确,只有一项不符合原文内容)或“三误一正”(三项错误,只有一项符合原文内容)。(5)事实排序型。这是一类运用多项事实进行排序的事实细节题,要求根据动作发生的先后顺序、时间顺序或者句子之间的逻辑关系,找出时间发生,发展的正确顺序。 A. 细节理解题主要设问的方式有: (1)Which of the following statements is True (Not True)? (2)Which of the questions has not been mentioned (or discussed) in the passage? (3)What is the reason that …? (4)What do we know about…? (5)How did the people know …? (6)Why was … so important to …? B. 细节理解题主要的答题策略有: (1)细心审题,直接就题找答案。解答此类试题时,不必通篇细看原文,而应采取“带着问题找答案”的方法,先从问题中抓住关键性词语(题眼),然后以此为线索,运用略读及查读的技巧快速在文章中寻找与此问题相关的:段落、语句,仔细品味,对照比较,确定答案。 (2)变通理解,间接转述找答案。细节理解题通常采用词语和句型转换的形式来取代原文中的表述,命题者在出这类题时惯用“偷梁换柱、张冠李戴”的手法来迷惑考生,即对原句细微处做改动,截取原文词语或结构进行改造,因果倒置,把A的观点说成B的观点等。所以正确理解题干和信息句的意义是关键。 (3)多点归纳,综合事实找答案。细节理解题有时考查的并不是单一的信息,而是多处信息的整合。解答此类“综合”信息细节题时,一定要全面捕捉相关信息,进行综合分析、归纳,切忌根据“一面之词”草率地作出结论。 如小题2,不必通篇细看原文,而应采取“带着问题找答案”的方法,先从问题中抓住关键性词语(题眼),然后以此为线索,从文中找到“was so tiny that”可知小女孩太小无法够到干手机,从而得到答案。 C If you believe in thermometers(温度计),you should believe in global warming. And if you believe in eating fries with your burger, you should worry m

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