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湖南株洲2018高三教学质量统一检测(一)--英语(解析版)

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例如:How much is the shirt? A. £ 19.15. B. £9.18. C. £9.15. 答案是C。 1. What’s the possible relationship between the speakers? A. Mother and son. B. Teacher and student. C. Doctor and patient. 2. Why is the woman anxious? A. She hasn’t finished her essay. B. She hasn’t met her friends for a long time. C. She hasn’t received any offers from universities. 3. Where are the speakers? A. In an airport. B. In a campus. C. In a boo tore. 4. How will the woman go home? A. By bus. B. By car. C. On foot. 5. What is the woman doing now? A. Walking. B. Having dinner. C. Writing an article. 第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分) 听下面5段对话或独白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 请听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。 6. Why is the woman worried? A. Her car doesn’t work. B. She is late for school. C. She is in a traffic jam. 7. Who will pick up the woman’s son? A. Allen. B. Jack. C. Tommy. 请听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。 8. Who is a biologist? A. Jade. B. Jenny, C. Jerry. 9. What does the woman think of the book? A. Amazing. B. Confusing. C. Boring. 请听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。 10. What is the woman doing? A. Reserving a room. B. Booking a taxi. C. Asking for flight information. 11. When will the woman be at the exit to Terminal 3? A. At 10:00 pm. B. At 10:15 pm. C. At 10:30 pm. 12. What’s the woman’s phone number? A. 07595 041 371. B. 07596 081 137. C. 07956 041 317. 请听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。 13. Where did the man know Tech-Help? A. On a website. B. On TV. C. In a newspaper. 14. What does the man want to donate? A. An iPad. B. A TV set. C. A tape recorder. 15. When do Tech-Help collect the old electronic equipment? A. Every Wednesday. B. Every Friday. C. Every Sunday. 16. How many schools can get the computers from Tech-Help now? A. 240. B. 160. C. 80. 请听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。 17. What was the speaker during the gap year? A. A reporter. B. A photographer. C. A teacher. 18. Where did the speaker meet Mr. He? A. In Yunnan. B. In Guizhou. C. In Hunan. 19. Who cooks lunch for the kids? A. Their teacher. B. Their parents. C. The kids themselves. 20. What does the speaker hope to do in the future? A. Work with Mr. He. B. Donate money to Guizhou. C. Do follow-up interviews. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A Shakespeare’s Family Homes The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust has a long and famous tradition of welcoming visiting groups to the Shakespeare Houses, each place with its own fascinating story to tell. Shakespeare’s Birthplace Walk in Shakespeare5s footsteps and explore the house where he was born and grew up. Explore his father’s glove-making workshop and catch our local actors bringing Shakespeare’s works to life. Mary Arden’s Farm Meet the costumed locals as they go about their daily tasks of cooking, tending crops and feeding the rare animals. Explore the farmyard with its centuries-old barns (谷仓) and outbuildings, or see the house where Shakespeare’s mother grew up and visit Palmer’s Farm House, the home of Robert Palmer, a family friend and neighbour. Hall’s Croft Explore the luxurious home of Shakespeare’s daughter Susanna and her wealthy physician husband, Dr. John Hall: Flemish paintings and fine furniture. Relax in the beautiful gardens and breathe in the fragrant herbs as used by Dr. Hall in his treatments. Shakespeare’s New Place Walk in Shakespeare’s footsteps and trace the footprint of his family home for 19 years of his life. Journey next into the Golden Garden, where planting and sculpture celebrate Shakespeare’s influence. Lose yourself in the New Place Exhibition and look into Shakespeare’s world. Learn about the past he played in the housed history, and in the town. Upstairs, dressing up, costume and animation make you completely involved in Shakespeare family life. 1. Where can you enjoy the performances of Shakespeare’s plays? A. In Shakespeare’s Birthplace. B. On Mary Arden’s Farm. C. On Hairs Croft. D. In Shakespeare’s New Place. 2. What is Hall’s Croft famous for? A. The glove-making workshop. B. The Golden Garden. C. The beautiful gardens with herbs. D. The centuries-old barns. 3. What can visitors do in Shakespeare’s Family Homes? A. Visit Palmer’s Farm House on Hall’s Croft. B. Explore the old farmyard in Shakespeare’s Birthplace. C. Enjoy planting celebrating Shakespeare’s influence in Mary Arden’s Farm. D. Experience Shakespeare family life in Shakespeare’s New Place. 【答案】1. A 2. C 3. D 【解析】文章介绍了莎士比亚家庭住宅的几部分和每部分的参观内容。 1. A 细节推理题。根据Shakespeare’s Birthplace中catch our local actors bringing Shakespeare’s works to life.可知在这里可以欣赏到莎士比亚剧作的表演,故选A. 2. C 细节推理题。根据Hall’s Croft中Relax in the beautiful gardens and breathe in the fragrant herbs as used by Dr. Hall in his treatments.可知在Hall’s Croft吸引人的是美丽的花园和草药的香味,故选C. 3. D 细节推理题。根据Mary Arden’s Farm中see the house where Shakespeare’s mother grew up and visit Palmer’s Farm House,可知Palmer’s Farm House的位置,A错误。根据Mary Arden’s Farm中Explore the farmyard with its centuries-old barns可知B错误。根据Shakespeare’s New Place中Journey next into the Golden Garden, where planting and sculpture celebrate Shakespeare’s influence.可知C错误。根据Shakespeare’s New Place中Learn about the past he played in the housed history, and in the town. Upstairs, dressing up, costume and animation make you completely involved in Shakespeare family life.可知D正确。故选D. 【名师点睛】 细节理解题属直接解答性问题,是阅读理解题中最简单的一种,多数属中低难度的题。事实和细节题的命题特点是:对文章或某一段落中的一些特定细节或文章重要事实的理解,一般包括直接理解题和语义转化题。直接理解题能在原文直接找到答案,而语义转化题则需要将题目信息与原文信息加工或整理后才能得出结论。 做细节理解题具体方法与步骤如下: 1.略读材料,大概了解原文,掌握中心或主旨;文章介绍了莎士比亚家庭住宅的几部分和每部分的参观内容。 2.按文章的体裁,作者写作的组织模式及有关的信息词。如for example, first, second…等预测应该到何处寻找自己所需要的事实; 3.将精力放在寻找你所需要的细节上。快速通篇跳读,全文扫视,找到细节出处,待找到含细节句子时,放慢速度,仔细核对比较内容,直至找到答案。如小题1根据Shakespeare’s Birthplace中catch our local actors bringing Shakespeare’s works to life.可知在这里可以欣赏到莎士比亚剧作的表演。小题2根据Hall’s Croft中Relax in the beautiful gardens and breathe in the fragrant herbs as used by Dr. Hall in his treatments.可知在Hall’s Croft吸引人的是美丽的花园和草药的香味。小题3根据Mary Arden’s Farm中see the house where Shakespeare’s mother grew up and visit Palmer’s Farm House,可知Palmer’s Farm House的位置,A错误。根据Mary Arden’s Farm中Explore the farmyard with its centuries-old barns可知B错误。根据Shakespeare’s New Place中Journey next into the Golden Garden, where planting and sculpture celebrate Shakespeare’s influence.可知C错误。根据Shakespeare’s New Place中Learn about the past he played in the housed history, and in the town. Upstairs, dressing up, costume and animation make you completely involved in Shakespeare family life.可知D正确。 B I’m learning to drive in Switzerland. I think it will be a good idea to learn now because I have plenty of free time and am earning a little money to pay for lessons. I never learnt when I lived in the UK, so luckily driving on the “wrong” side isn’t a problem. However, there are a lot of rules to remember. When you see a road to your right and there are no white lines on the ground, the cars to your right have the right to go before your car and you have to stop for them. In practice, lots of people forget this and cars either wait for each other while both drivers try to remember what to do, or beep (鸣喇叭) at each other if both try to go at the same time! When you drive round a roundabout, you should check all your mirrors. To remember how to do this, I often count them aloud—one, two, three—then a second glance at your blind spot when you’re in the roundabout. One friend came driving with me and after about an hour asked why on earth I was counting. He had passed his test so long ago, he couldn’t remember ever having to check three mirrors! Driving still seems scary to me so I drive quite slowly. I also don’t know the countryside roads very well and don’t know what’s coming up round the comer or over the next hill. I drive slowly so I feel safe, but my driving instructor tells me to speed up or cars will bump into me from behind or try to overtake somewhere dangerous. So driving slowly is just as dangerous as driving fast! I’m not a very practical person so learning to drive has been a challenge. I don5t have a lot of confidence and find it quite demotivating to do something that doesn’t come naturally to me. To make driving more fun and interesting, I learn in Swiss German, so my instructor gives me instructions in Swiss. This way I’ve tricked myself into enjoying driving and hopefully will pass the test! 4. What can be inferred from the first paragraph? A. It isn5t a proper time for the author to take driving lessons now. B. Driving on the “wrong side” doesn’t influence the author.. C. The author was too poor to pay for driving lessons in Switzerland. D. It is easy for the author to get confused about the driving rules in Switzerland. 5. The author often counts “one, two, three” aloud when driving round a roundabout to ________. A. remind himself to check the mirrors B. speed up C. overtake somewhere dangerous D. make driving more interesting 6. What does the underlined word “demotivating” in Paragraph 5 mean? A. Encouraging. B. Amazing.

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